Nocturia is defined as the need to wake up in the middle of the night (at least once) to pass urine. The importance of a good night’s sleep can’t be underestimated and uninterrupted sleep is needed to sustain an individual’s physical, mental and emotional well-being.
Nocturia causes significant interruption to an individual’s sleep and leads to a loss of much-needed, restorative deep sleep. This in turn can result in disrupted daytime functioning and reduced productivity and alertness in the daytime, affecting many areas of a person’s life – from work productivity to managing a busy daily schedule. Nocturia is also associated with a greater risk of falls and related injuries, especially in the elderly.
Multiple factors can contribute to nocturia including an overproduction of urine, reduced bladder capacity, or drinking too much fluid before bed, particularly caffeinated or alcoholic beverages. Being older, having certain illnesses or using particular medicines, including diuretics (water pills) are also risk factors for the condition.
There are treatment options available for nocturia, but in rare cases it can also be a symptom of a more serious condition – such as high blood pressure, diabetes or cardiovascular disease. It is therefore very important to talk to your doctor to see what might be causing disturbed sleep and the treatment options available.